PART ONE （30 POINTS）
I. Multiple Choice Questions(30 points, 2 points for each)
A. Directions: This part consists of ten sentences, each followed by four different versions marked A,B,C, and D. Choose the one that is the closest equivalent of the original in terms of meaning and expressiveness.
1．Egypt’s very soil was born in the Nile’s annual flood; with the flood came the life-giving mud that made Egypt the granary of the ancient world.（ ）
2．Since economic reform began in 1978, an average growth rate of almost 10% a year has seen China’s GNP nearly quadruple.（ ）
3．The devastating floods and droughts that imposed a recurrent tax of suffering on the farmers no longer occur. Egyptian agriculture has been transformed, and industry is benefiting from power generated by the dam. （ ）
4．All plays are alike to me just as all music is alike to Tony.（ ）
5．I particularly want to pay tribute, not only to those who prepared the magnificent dinner, but also to those who have provided the splendid music. （ ）
A．The only thing I worry about is that we may lose opportunities. If we don’t seize them, they will slip through our fingers, time speeds by.
B．The only thing I worry about is that we may lose opportunities. Don’t seize them, they will slip through our fingers, because time speeds by.
C．The only thing I worry about is that we may lose opportunities. If we don’t seize them, they will slip through our fingers. Now that time flies fast.
D．The only thing I worry about is that we may lose opportunities. If we don’t seize them, they will slip through our fingers as time speeds by.
A．I thank President Rudenstine to invite me to this old yet modern institution of the United States in this golden fall.
B．I wish to thank President Rudenstine for inviting me to this old yet modern institution of the United States in this golden fall.
C．I thank President Rudenstine for inviting me to this ancient yet modern institution of the U.S. in this golden autumn.
D．I wish to thank President Rudenstine to invite me to this ancient yet modern institution of the U.S. in this golden autumn.
A．The parties to the venture shall share the profits, risks and losses in proportion to their contributions to the registered capital.
B．The parties to the venture shall divide the profits, risks and losses in proportion to their contributions to the registered capital.
C．The parties to the venture shall divide and enjoy the profits, share the risks and losses in proportion to their contributions to the registered capital.
D．The parties to the venture shall share the profits, and divide the risks and losses in proportion to their contributions to the registered capital.
A．Though I still ached all over, I must work.
B．Though I still ached all over, I had to work.
C．Though I still ached all over, I cannot but work.
D．Though I still ached all over, but I had to work.
A．Since the 1960s,China began to explore and exploit offshore oil and gas resources on its own.
B．Beginning from the 1960s, China began to explore and exploit offshore oil and gas resources on its own.
C．As early as the 1960s,China began to explore and exploit offshore oil and gas resources on its own.
D．Until the 1960s, China began to explore and exploit offshore oil and gas resources on its own.
B．Directions: This part consists of five unfinished statements, each followed by four choices labeled A,B,C and D. Choose the one that best completes each statement.
A．Inquiry into the Nature of Evolution
B．Study of Evolution and Ethics
C．Evolution and Ethics and Other Essays
D．Study of the System of Logic
13．Cicero said,“In doing so, I did not think it necessary （ ）.”
A．to translate word for word
B．to preserve the general style
C．to keep the force of the language
D．to change the form of the original
PART TWO （70 POINTS）
II. Word and Phrase Translation(20 points,1 point for each)
A. Directions: Put the following words and phrases into Chinese.
16．articles of association
18．come into force
21．the science of biotic control
23．weapons of mass destruction
25．instrument of ratification
B. Directions: Put the following words and phrases into English.
III．Translation Improvement(20 points, 2 points for each)
A．Directions: Each of the following Chinese translations has one or more inadequacies. Improve the given translations.
原文：Adelaide enjoys a Mediterranean climate.
36．原文：I believe Chinese economic authorities recognize the problem and the next Five-Year Plan will address it effectively.
37．原文：World War II was more complex than World War I, which was a collision among the imperialist powers over the spoils of market, resources and territories.
38．原文：Yet there was a bigger movement in the air by 1750.
39．原文：Byron’s father, by his first marriage, had a daughter, Augusta, Byron’s half-sister.
40．原文：It is no use telling grown-up children not to make mistakes, both because they will not believe you, and because mistakes are an essential part of education.
41．原文：Driving southward from Cairo into the valley, I entered a landscape that owed little to the present era.
B．Directions: Each of the following English translations has one or more inadequacies. Improve the given translations.
译文：To write a preface to this collection of his essays gives me a great honor.
改译：I find it a great honor to write a preface to this collection of his essays.
译文：I’ve also said recently in another place that the highest state to which art can attain is artlessness.
译文：Fengxia was driven off the stage in 1966 and later fell ill, for 14 years she has not been able to perform.
译文：The foreign exchange transactions of an equity joint venture shall observe the regulations on foreign exchange control of the People’s Republic of China.
译文：Old people have strengths but also great weaknesses—they are easy to be stubborn, for example—and they should be aware of that.
IV．Paragraph Translation(30 points)
A．Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese.(15 points)
China may well be the favorite whipping boy of manufacturers in the United States these days. But in the developing world, the country is becoming the trading partner of choice, drawing in airplanes from Brazil, soybeans from Argentina and seafood from Malaysia, boosting economies and leading to new political alliances.
The growing appetite of the world’s most populous nation has made China a new source of income for the developing economies of South America and Asia.
“China’s booming imports from developing countries—especially of commodities—are not only helping growth in countries from Brazil to Africa, but are already reshaping international trade relations,”said Kenneth Rogoff, an economics professor at Harvard University.
Developed countries also are sending more goods to Chins, the world’s sixth-largest economy, with an estimated $1.334 trillion gross domestic product in 2003, according to the IMF.
B．Directions: Translate the following passage into English.(15 points)