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英语国家概况试题

 

 

全部题目用英文作答,并将答案写在答题纸的相应位置上,否则不计分。

. Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statement or question, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on the answer sheet. (40 points, 1 point for each)

1.Traditional British farming involved(   ), which dated back to the 5th century.

A. the open field system

B. the system of crop rotation

C. the use of artificial fertilizer

D. the use of new agricultural machinery

2.In Britain, the First Civil War was fought between the Roundheads who were the parliamentary soldiers led by(   ), and the Cavaliers who were King Charles’s supporters.

A. John Lilburne                                               B. Oliver Cromwell

C. Prince Rupert                                              D. William Joyce

3.(   )radically changed the face of London for the first time since the Great Fire nearly three centuries earlier.

A. The Black Death                                                 B. The Civil War

C. The First World War                                     D. The Blitz

4.The objective of the Chartist Movement was democratic rights for all men, and it took its name form“(   )”.

A. The Bill of Rights                                         B. The Agreement of the People

C. the People’s Charter                                     D. the Great Charter

5.Today, the Domesday Book is kept in the Public Records Office in(   ).

A. Cambridge                                                   B. Oxford

C. London                                                       D. York

6.In Britain, thanks to the militant feminist movement of the suffragettes before the First World War, votes were granted to women over(   )in 1918.

A. 20                                                              B.25

C. 30                                                              D. 35

7.By(   )Britain had built up a big empire, on which the sun never set.

A. 1900                                                           B. 1910

C. 1920                                                           D. 1930

8.In Britain, the Tories were the forerunners of(   ), which still bears the nickname today.

A. the Labor Party                                            B. the Conservative Party

C. the Liberal Party                                           D. the Social Democratic Party

9.The eldest son of Queen Elizabeth Ⅱ——Prince Charles, Prince of(   ), is the heir to the throne.

A. England                                                       B. Scotland

C. Wales                                                          D. Northern Ireland

10.In Britain, a full meeting of(   )is called only when a Sovereign dies or announces his or her intention to marry.

A. the Privy Council                                         B. the House of Lords

C. the House of Commons                                D. the Parliament

11.In Britain, the highest judicial appointments are made by the Queen on the advice of(   ).

A. the Lord Chancellor                                      B. the Prime Minister

C. the Speaker                                                        D. the Attorney General

12.In Britain, the Speaker is a member who is acceptable to all shades of opinion in (   ).

A. the Privy Council                                         B. the House of Lords

C. the Supreme Court                                       D. the House of Commons

13.The British government departments are staffed by members of(   ), whose duty is to assist in carrying out laws passed by Parliament.

A. the Civil Service                                           B. the Privy Council

C. the House of Lords                                       D. the House of Commons

14.In the 1970s, oil was discovered in(   ), but the revenue from oil did not create an economic miracle for Britain.

A. the English Channel                                      B. the Irish Sea

C. the St. George Sea                                       D. the North Sea

15.Local authorities in Great Britain raise revenue through(   ).

A. the income tax                                             B. the council tax

C. the capital receipts                                        D. personal contribution

16.The modern games of tennis originated in(   )in the late 19th century.

A. Scotland                                                      B. Ireland

C. England                                                       D. Wales

17.America was named after(   ).

A. Italian navigator Columbus

B. navigator Amerigo Vespucci

C. some Indian chieftain

D. George Washington, founding father of the United States

18.Between 1860 and 1990, the United States witnessed(   )large-scale population movements.

A. 2                                                   

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